Rabu, 31 Disember 2008

Hildegard Peplau

Hildegard Peplau used the term, psychodynamic nursing, to describe the dynamic relationship between a nurse and a patient.

She described four phases of this relationship: orientation, in which the person and the nurse mutually identify the person's problem; identification, in which the person identifies with the nurse, thereby accepting help; exploitation, in which the person makes use of the nurse's help; and resolution, in which the person accepts new goals and frees herself or himself from the relationship.

She also identified six nursing roles of the nurse:


Counseling Role - working with the patient on current problems

Leadership Role - working with the patient democratically

Surrogate Role - figuratively standing in for a person in the patient's life

Stranger - accepting the patient objectively

Resource Person - interpreting the medical plan to the patient

Teaching Role - offering information and helping the patient learn


Peplau, H.E. (1952). Interpersonal Relations in Nursing. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons.

Summary by Becky Sisk, PhD, RN

Students -- As with all of the articles on NurseScribe, consider this to be a secondary source and use the primary sources in the references to write a paper or make a presentation.



Hildegard Peplau page from the University of Western Ontario School of Nursing

"Remembering Hildegard Peplau" by Richard Lakeman

Available from Amazon.com